Unifab’s contribution to the list of the most notorious “counterfeit spots”

Every year, the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) collects a list of the most notorious online and physical counterfeit spots that are outside US borders. (Special 301 Out-of-Cycle Review of Notorious Markets). For example, the 2017 report mentions, inter alia, the following marketplaces: DHGhate.com (China), Indiamart.com (India), Taobao.com (China), Vkontakte.com (Russia), and the shopping mall called “Pacific Mall” in Markham, Ontario, Canada (iptwins.com, 1st Oct. 2018). As part of the 2018  Comment Request from the USTRthe Union des Fabricants (Unifab) shared the experience of its members in a letter to the USTR on October 3, 2018.

Founded in 1872, Unifab is a French non-profit association whose purpose is the defense and promotion of intellectual property rights. It brings together many companies and associations from all other the world, representing in kind of industries. The experience, the expertise and the network of Unifab make it a major player in the combat against counterfeiting on the world stage. Its contribution to the identification of online and physical markets where the counterfeit is rife is substantial and indispensable.

In its contribution to the USTR, the Unifab classifies the markets in priorities: 

  • Priority 1 or “blacklist”, targets particularly problematic sites, when effective measures against counterfeiting are totally or partially absent, which makes the situation alarming.
  • Priority 2 or “intermediate list”, refers to markets where, despite the existence of certain measures, counterfeiting remains very visible.
  • The category named “to be monitored” brings together markets that do not deserve to appear in Priority 1 and 2 lists, but which nevertheless need to be monitored.

This classification forms the result of the application of a number of criteria, including the following:

– the traffic and popularity;

– the revenues;

– the estimated volume of counterfeit on the market’s scale;

– the categories of counterfeit goods;

– the estimation of the economic harm caused to the intellectual property rights holders;

– the involvement in the fight against counterfeiting;

– actions, litigation, execution, agreements;

– actions to filter or reduce counterfeiting;

– additional actions, such as policies and procedures to prevent/remove access to counterfeits, such as deactivation of accounts;

– the effectiveness of these policies and procedures;

– the origin of the counterfeit goods.

As a result, Unifab suggests that the following websites and mobile Apps be included in the Special 301 Out-of-Cycle Review of Notorious Markets:

PriorityPlatform/Mobile AppJurisdiction
1Kakaostory.comSouth Korea
1Bunjang.co.krSouth Korea
1Naver.comSouth Korea
1Ioffer.comUnited States
1Bonanza.comUnited States
2Coupang.comSouth Korea
3V k.comRussia
3Gumtree.comUnited Kingdom
3Google.com/shoppingUnited States
3Amazon.comUnited States
3Facebook.comUnited States
3Facebook.com/marketplaceUnited States
3InstagramUnited States
3Wanelo.comUnited States
The Special 301 Out-of-Cycle Review of Notorious Markets does not concern US companies. Accordingly, there will be no mention of eBay (although the US authorities regularly perform actions on counterfeit cases in relation with sales on eBay: iptwins.com, June 25, 2018; iptwins.com, August 27, 2018), SunFrog.com (the platform was recently condemned to nearly $ 20 million for counterfeiting: iptwins.com, June 27, 2018), or even Amazon.com. However, like Frères Maus (iptwins.com, Nov. 15, 2018), Chanel (iptwins.com, 16 nov. 2018), and more subtly, the American Apparel & Footwear Association (AAFA) (iptwins.com, Oct. 19, 2018), Unifab also refers to American websites and shopping centers.
1Market of La SaladaArgentina, Buenos Aires
1Mercado Popular de Uruguaiana Brazil, Rio de JaneiroMercadouruguaiana.com.br
1City of NovaBrazil, Nova
1Arizona MarketBosnia Herzegovina, Brcko Kikiriki.ba
1Stock Bazaar IlianciBulgaria, SofiaIlianci.com
1Central MarketCambodia, Phnom Penh
1Dixie 401 Flea MarketCanada, Ontario, TorontoDixie401flea.com
1Weston Flea MarketCanada, Ontario, TorontoTorontowestonfleamarket.com
1Downsview Park Merchants MarketCanada, Ontario, TorontoDpmarket.com
1Saint Eustache Flea Market Canada, Quebec, Saint-EustacheMarcheauxpuces.mathers.ca
1Dr Fleas Flea MarketCanada, Ontario, TorontoDrfleas.com
1747 Flea Market/Vendors Flea Market Canada, Ontario, Brampton747flea.com
1Asia Pacific Xinyang plaza markets China, Shanghai
1Southern Watch Trade CenterChina, Guangzhou
1Toulong International Commodities CityChina, Harbin
1Silk MarketChina, Beijing
1Wu Ai MarketChina, Shenyang
1Dajingkou MarketChina, Jinjiang
1Anfu marketChina, Putian
1San AndresitosColombia, BogotaSanandresitodela38.com
1Mall San AndresitosColombia, MedellinSanandresitoprincipal.com
1La Bahia MarketEcuador, Guayaquil Labahia.ec
1Akal GarhIndia, Ludhiana
1Chaura BazarIndia, Ludhiana
1Mochpura BazarIndia, Ludhiana
1Gur Mandi MarketsIndia, Ludhiana
1Karol BaghIndia, Delhi
1Tank RoadIndia, Delhi
1Gaffar MarketIndia, Delhi
1Hardhyan Singh RoadIndia, Delhi
1Manga Dua MarketIndonesia, Jakarta
1Kfar Giladi StIsrael, TelAviv
1Yafo StIsrael, TelAviv
1Petaling Street Market in China TownMalaysia, Kuala Lumpur
1Jalan TAR Open MarketMalaysia, Kuala Lumpur
1Berjaya Times Square Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur
1Tepito & La Merced marketsMexico, Mexico City
1San Juan de DiosMexico, Guadalajara Sanjuandedios.com.mx
1Polvos Azules (“Blue Powders”)Peru, Lima
1Greenhill Shopping CenterPhilippines, ManilaGreenhills.com.ph
1Kapitan Ambo Street MarketPhilippines, Manila
1Baclaran Terminal PlazaPhilippines, Manila
1Harrison Shoe PlazaPhilippines, Manila
1Victory Central MallCaloocan CityVictorymalls.com
1Zabarte Town Center PlazaCaloocan City
1Dubrovka marketRussia, Moscow
1Buvljak Flea MarketSerbia, Subotica
1Buvljak Flea MarketSpain, Barcelona
1City of MadridSpain, Madrid
1Mike Shopping MallThailand, Pattaya Mikeshoppingmall.com
1Fisherman’s village Walking Street MarketThailand, Bophut
1Lamai Walking StreetNight PlazaThailand, Maret
1Grand BazaarTurkey, Istanbul
1Troyeshchyna MarketUkraine, Kiev
1Khmelnitskiy MarketUkraine, Khmelnitskiy
1 Barabashova MarketUkraine, KharkivBarabashka.com
1 SeventhKilometer MarketUkraine, Odessa
1 Dragon MartUnited Arab Emirates, Dubai
1 Ajman China MallUnited Arab Emirates, Ajman
2 Barrio OnceArgentina, Buenos Aires
2 Queen Victoria Markets Australia, Melbourne
2 Paddy’s marketAustralia, Sydney Paddysmarket.com.au
2 Parklea MarketAustralia, Sydney Parkleamarkets.com.au
2 Paulista AvenueBrazil, Sao Paulo
2 Pacific MallCanada, Toronto Pacificmalltoronto.ca
2 Toulong International Commodities City Daolin DistrictChina, Dalian
2 Huan long Camera marketChina, Shanghai
2 Xingwang International Clothing Market China, Shanghai
2 Int'l Trade MartChina, Yiwu
2 Luohu Commercial CityChina, Shenzhen
2 Bayun world Bayun World Leather Trading CenterChina, Guangzhou
2 Jiayi Vogue Square MarketChina, Beijing
2Flea Market of SaintOuenFrance, Paris
2 Arya Samaj Road & Hardiyan Singh RoadIndia, Delhi
2Lajpat Rai MarketIndia, Delhi
2Sarojini NagarIndia, Delhi
2Palika BazaarIndia, Delhi
2Crawford MarketIndia, Mumbai
2Heera Panna MarketIndia, Mumbai
2Sector 18, Atta MarketIndia, Noida
2New MarketIndia, Kolkata
2KidderporeIndia, Kolkata
2 Vintimiglia marketItaly, Vintimiglia
2San Remo marketItaly, San Remo
2Forte dei marmi MarketItaly, Forte dei marmi
2Tsuruhashi MarketJapan, Osaka
2ItaewonSouth Korea, Seoul
2Gukje Market South Korea, Seoul
2Batu Ferringhi Night MarketMalaysia, Penang, Jalan Pantai Batu
2Low Yat PlazaMalaysia, Kuala LumpurPlazalowyat.com
2Jamea El fnaMorocco, Marrakech
2Kissariat AttarineMorocco, Casablanca
2Souk Al HadMorocco, Agadir
2Ciudad del EsteParaguay, Ciudad del Este
2Inversiones MarkataPeru, Lima
2Binondo 999 MallPhilippines, Manilla
2Market LiraRussia, Lviv
2Patpong Night marketThailand, Bangkok
2MBK mallThailand, Bangkok
2Chatuchak MarketThailand, Bangkok
2Rongklua marketThailand, Aranyaprathet
2Sampeng MarketThailand, Aranyaprathet
2Maboonkrong Shopping CenterThailand, BangkokMbk-center.co.th
2OTOP MarketThailand, Phuket
2Islamic SoukUnited Arab Emirates, Dubai
2Gold SoukUnited Arab Emirates, Dubai
2Karama Shopping Complex Al KaramaUnited Arab Emirates, Dubai
2The Deira Souqs and the surroundingstreetsUnited Arab Emirates, Dubai
2Bovingdon MarketUnited Kingdom, Northampton
2Camdem MarketUnited Kingdom, London
2Airfield MarketUnited Kingdom, Wellesbourne
2Westgate Discount MallUnited States, Atlanta
2Hong Kong City MallUnited States, Houston
2Ben Thanh MarketVietnam, Ho Chi Minh City
2Saigon Square 1Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City
2Lucky PlazaVietnam, Ho Chi Minh City
2Dong Xuan MarketVietnam, Hanoi
3Shopping 25 de MarçoBrazil, Sao Paulo
3Pickering Markets Canada, TorontoPickeringmarkets.com
3Dongdaemun street market (night market)South Korea, Seoul
3NamdaemunSouth Korea, Seoul
Feedback from Unifab members is interesting for the reason that, to the extent possible, account is taken of the volumes of counterfeit goods, the percentage they represent on the site, the size of the market, previous actions and raids or the level of cooperation of local authorities.

About IP Twins

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